What? Residency is a required stage of medical training in the United States which occurs after the completion of medical school. A residency program offers in-depth training in a specific medical specialty such as pediatrics, surgery, or anesthesiology. Medical residents are paid during this training period, ranging from a salary of $35,000 to $50,000 depending on their specialty, location, and year of training.
Who? Medical residents are supervised by attending physicians. The residents are referred to as PGY-1, PGY-2, etc; PGY is short for “Post-Graduate Year,” and the number that follows corresponds to the year in training.
When? A new crop of medical residents will begin their next phase of training on July 1st. Residency can last between 3 to 5 years, depending on the particular field. Some specialties may require physicians to complete a fellowship after residency training is complete.
The application process for a residency program typically begins the summer before the fourth year of medical school. Read more about the National Residency Match Program for a better understanding.
Where? Residency programs typically take place in university-affiliated hospitals or community-based clinics. The American Medical Association maintains a database of all accredited residency training programs in the United States, and you can search for individual programs by specialty or location.